Except for the Sabbath, the individual days of the week have no names but just numbers in the Bible
- The 1st day of the week- Sunday
- The 2nd day of the week- Monday
- The 3rd day of the week- Tuesday
- The 4th day of the week- Wednesday
- The 5th day of the week- Thursday
- The 6th day of the week- Friday
- The Shabbath- Saturday
The Greek word used for the “Sabbath” in the original manuscripts of the New Testament “Sabbato” is the same name used for Saturday in Greek even today.
Look also at the similarities in the names used for Saturday in other languages and the Sabbath:
- Arabic: Sabet
- Armenian: Shabat
- Bosnian: Subota
- Bulgarian: Sabota
- Corsican: Sàbatu
- Croatian: Subota
- Czech: Sobota
- Greek: Sabbato
- Indonesian: Sabtu
- Italian: Sabato
- Latin: Sabbatum
- Polish: Sobota
- Portuguese: Sábado
- Russian: Subbota
- Serbian: Subota
- Slovak: Sobota
- Slovene: Sobota
- Somali: Sabti
- Spanish: Sabado
- Sudanese: Saptu
- Ukrainian: Subota
In at least 108 different languages the name for the 7th day Shabbath corresponding to our Saturday, is a word meaning “rest day”.
The names of the days we use, were names for the sun, the moon, and the 5 visible planets, all of which were associated with pagan deities
19 And take heed, lest you lift your eyes to heaven, and when you see the sun, the moon, and the stars, all the host of heaven, you feel driven to worship them and serve them, which the Lord your God has given to all the peoples under the whole heaven as a heritage.
The names of the days of the week and their meanings are as follows:
- Sunday– literally the sun day, in honor of the sun god
- Monday– the moon day, in honor of the moon god
- Tuesday– the planet Mars, in honor of the god Mars. The Saxons named this day after their god Tiw and called it Tiw’s day. “Tuesday” comes from the name of this Saxon god
- Wednesday– the planet Mercury, later named in honor of the Teutonic god Wedn or Woden
- Thursday– the planet Jupiter, later named in honor of the Teutonic god Thor
- Friday– the planet Venus, later named in honor of the Teutonic goddess Frigg or Freia
- Saturday– the planet Saturn, in honor of the Roman god Saturn
But how did this planetary week come to be so commonly used in the world ??
And in the Christian world ??
The early followers of Yeshua (Jesus) had the biblical seven-day week with its numbered 6 weekdays and the Shabbath.
On 3rd century AD the Roman Emperor Constantine created a new religion Christianity- suitable for all and for his political reason.
Also, on the 3rd century AD biblical week began to give way to the planetary week.
And thus, gradually this pagan institution was engrafted on Christianity…
The use of planetary names by Christians attests the growing influence of astrological speculations introduced by new Christian converts from paganism.
Even today the followers of Yeshua (Jesus) still keep the Shabbaths instead of going church on sundays.
This planetary week with its days named after pagan deities is not of God
God Almighty did create the week with seven days, but He merely numbered the days one through seven. Genesis 1—2:3
The only day He named was the seventh day-
calling it the “Sabbath”. Exodus 16:22-26; 20:8-11
When does the date begin in the Bible ??
In the Bible when God created time, He first created night and then day.
Therefore, a biblical calendar date begins with the night beforehand.
While a day in the secular calendar begins and ends at midnight,
a biblical day goes from nightfall to nightfall.
Also, the Shabbat begins on sunset at Friday night and ends on sunset at Saturday night.
The months in the Bible
After the Israelians were exiled to Babylonia in 586 BC, they adopted some Babylonian names for the months of the year and they are also used in the Bible.
The names of the months in the Bible are:
- 1. Abib (March- April)- Babylonian name Nisan Exodus 13:4
- 2. Ziv (April- May)- Babylonian name Iyyar 1 Kings 6:1
- 3. 3rd (May- June)- Babylonian name Sivan Esther 8:9
- 4. 4th (June- July)- Babylonian name Tammuz (also a false god`s name !!)
- 5. 5th (July- August)- Babylonian name Av
- 6. 6th (August- September)- Babylonian name Elul Nehemiah 6:15
- 7. Ethanim (September- October)- Babylonian name Tishri 1 Kings 8:2
- 8. Bul (October- November)- Babylonian name Cheshvan 1 Kings 6:38
- 9. 9th (November- December)- Babylonian name Chislev Zachariah 7:1
- 10. 10th (December- January)- Babylonian name Tebeth Esther 2:16
- 11. 11th (January- February)- Babylonian name Shebat Zechariah 1:7
- 12. 12th (February- March)- Babylonian name Adar Esther 3:7
- 13. 13th– Babylonian name Adar II *
* Additional month added during Leap Years about every 3rd year. There are 7 leap years in a 19 year cycle.
Science determines that a moon revolution lasts roughly about 29.5 days, and because of this reason, a biblical month lasts 29 or 30 days.
The new moon
The biblical year began with the new moon when the barley harvest was in the stage of ripening which was called Abib in the Bible.
Abib is the state which is, in between the stage of green colour ripening grain and completely ripe golden streaks of grain.
It is the stage when the grain is a light yellowish colour.
This means that the 1st day of the biblical year could fall on any day in the season of March/April.
The month of Abib is usually the month that the Spring/ Vernal Equinox happens.
The new month or moon is proclaimed when there is a new moon which is identified by the first visible sliver of the moon in the sky.
The period between biblical new years have 12 or 13 new moons.
Julian/ Gregorian calendar day is calculated from midnight to midnight,
while the biblical day is from sunset to sunset.
Julian & Gregorian calendars
As far back as 153BC, Roman consuls came to power on January 1st.
In 45BC, when Julius Caesar introduced the Julian Calendar, January 1st became the official new year of the Roman Empire which has continued to be so, for more than 2000 years.
This ancient Julian Calendar which went through a few refinements in the year 1582 by Roman Catholic Pope Gregory XIII, is now known as the Gregorian Calendar.
January 1st, remains from more than 2000 years ago, as the beginning of the Roman Year, a creation of the Roman Empire.
The names of the months and their meanings are as follows:
- January– Januarius, in honor of the Roman god Janus
- February– Februarius, in honor of the Roman festival of general expiation and purification
- March– Martius, in honor of the Roman god Mars
- April– Aprilis, which was derived from aperio, a Latin verb meaning to open. The month is so called because it is the month when the earth opens to produce new fruits
- May– Maius, in honor of the Greek goddess Maia
- June– Junius, in honor of the Roman goddess Juno
- July– Julius, in honor of Roman emperor Julius Caesar
- August– Augustus, in honor of Roman emperor Augustus Caesar
The rest of the months— September, October, November, December— are derived from the Latin words for the numerals 7 (septem), 8 (octo), 9 (novem) and 10 (decem).
They were the 7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th months of the old Roman calendar before July and August were inserted ahead of them.
One could ask whether knowing the biblically accurate dates really matter ??
Or whether there is any value in understanding and studying these things and knowing both the similarities and differences in Julian/ Gregorian calendar and the biblical calendar ??
We shall not throw the Julian/ Gregorian calendar away.
But we need to learn God’s Calendar and use His days and ways to worship, honor and draw close to Him.
It is the same Calendar which Yeshua (Jesus) used.
The lack of knowledge of His calendar has led to so many misunderstandings and mistakes in our walk with Him.
It is better to follow God than any man.
It is better to follow God’s Word than any man’s word.
And it is better to follow God’s Calendar than any man made calendar.
Link to –> Salvation
Link to –> Water Baptism
Link to the –> Site Map
Be blessed in the name of Yeshua (Jesus) !!!!